Russian production of led equipment
  • Architectural lighting. History of appearance and development

Nowadays, a large number of megacities use architectural illumination of the facades of buildings and other objects, for example, bridges, towers, industrial warehouses. The most illuminated city in the world is Las Vegas, with its twenty-four thousand neon power lines that light up at dusk.
Architectural lighting appeared in the 1920s in the United States. The first building to be illuminated was one of the skyscrapers in New York. In the struggle for the best lighting solution, competing designers turned Manhattan into the most illuminated area of the time. This was a real breakthrough, since relatively recently, only single lamps above the entrance to the house were used to illuminate buildings. In 1930, with the joint efforts of the most famous architects of those years and specialists from the General Electric company, the first published article on the lighting of the facade of buildings was published. It raised issues related to the illumination of skyscrapers, as this was the main trend in facade lighting of that time. Subsequently, the idea of architectural lighting of buildings gradually gained popularity in other cities and countries. Facade lighting in Europe began to develop in parallel with the spread of electricity and was distinguished by the sophistication and elegance inherent in the Old World. A feature of the illumination of European buildings was the neighborhood of buildings of various styles (from Gothic to Neoclassicism). Thus, the architects were faced with the task of illuminating the buildings so that they look harmonious against the background of the rest, while not losing their features and differences.

Illumination of buildings in Europe and the USSR in the post-war period

However, in the post-war period, until the early 60s, European cities almost did not pay much attention to the illumination of buildings, since all efforts were directed to the restoration of cities and the economy. There were no free resources for architectural lighting. As for the USSR, in the 30-50s, the illumination of facades was given great importance, for example, it can be traced through the Stalinist skyscrapers. Quite often, the facades of monumental buildings and roofs acted as sites for statues and monuments, which required the use of special lighting. In the 60s, the popularity of architectural lighting began to gradually return. In 69, the International Lighting Designers Association was organized, based in Chicago, where only the most talented and successful designers could go. The members of the Association have implemented the most famous projects, while they are obliged to observe strict business ethics, according to which they are prohibited from selling and installing lighting.
In addition to the aesthetic component, the functionality of lighting plays an important role in projects, since a commercial object with the help of correctly selected architectural lighting can attract the attention of buyers, tenants and other interested parties. In Russia, at this stage, there are not so many qualified lighting designers, since the profession became known relatively recently (about 10 years ago), while in the West, schools for architectural lighting have been functioning for more than 50 years. However, it is impossible not to note the growing popularity of architectural lighting in our country and a noticeable increase in the quality of services provided.