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  • Airport lighting: features and regulations

When it comes to the architectural lighting of airports, it is worth noting that in addition to the terminal building itself, lighting is also needed for other important components - the area in front of the airport, the runway, parking, roads near the terminals. For each of the objects, special strict standards and requirements for lighting have been created. Aesthetics in airport lighting plays an important role, since its building is the first thing that arriving passengers see, that is, the airport is a kind of visiting card of the city. Nowadays, designers strive to create a unique and memorable appearance of the airport with the help of intricate architectural solutions, and correct lighting, both indoor and outdoor, plays an important role in building the image. Quite often, an airport building has a metal surface and continuous panoramic glazing, therefore, facade lighting fixtures are installed indoors so that the light beam is directed onto the glass. This arrangement of the luminaires is not accidental, it avoids the glare and dark areas that can occur if the fixtures are not positioned correctly. The flood lighting used in most cases when illuminating an airport terminal is primarily functional.
Airport lighting: features and regulations
Airport lighting: features and regulations

Airport lighting principles

Important conditions when illuminating the airport and its territory are: – no dark areas for safety reasons; – the use of a special reflective coating on all obstacles; – the use of lighting equipment with protection against dust and water jets according to the IP 65 standard; – installation of explosion-proof light lighting near storage facilities with combustible mixtures; – the presence of emergency light sources; – the minimum lighting level is 20 lux. A complete list of requirements for lighting the airport and surrounding areas is spelled out in the regulations of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
The area in front of the airport building should be as illuminated as possible due to the constant congestion of land transport and heavy passenger traffic, while the installation of lighting fixtures located on poles close to the entrances and exits to the terminal is undesirable. It is best to place the lights on the walls of the building.